Vietnam Implements Commitment to Combat Climate Change
|In an effort to fulfill its commitment to respond to climate change, Vietnam has implemented a series of renewable energy projects such as wind power and solar power. Photo: anninhthudo.vn
Joining hands to respond to global challenges
Prime Minister Pham Minh Chinh and his wife led a high-ranking Vietnamese delegation on November 28, leaving Hanoi to attend the World Climate Action Summit within the framework of the 28th United Nations (UN) Climate Change Conference of the Parties (COP28).
The event takes place from November 29 to December 3, in the United Arab Emirates (UAE).
Prime Minister Pham Minh Chinh's participation in COP28 is an opportunity for Vietnam to strongly demonstrate the message of responsibility, initiative, and positivity in handling the global challenge of climate change.
This helps the international community clearly understand Vietnam's policies and determination in responding to one of humanity's greatest challenges.
The COP28 summit takes place at a pivotal moment for global action to combat climate change.
Record high temperatures in 2023 and the devastating impact of extreme weather events such as wildfires, floods, storms and droughts around the world make solving climate problems increasingly urgent.
To combat climate change, the international community, especially governments, need to put climate change adaptation at the forefront and at the heart of the climate agenda at COP28.
Therefore, attending the COP28, Vietnam expects the conference to achieve practical progress, especially in a number of top areas of concern.
The first thing is that countries continue to take strong actions to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and carry out energy transition in a sustainable and equitable way.
Developed countries fulfill their commitments, especially in providing finance and supporting technology transfer to developing countries in this process, including a commitment to a target of mobilizing US$100 billion per year and increased commitments for the period to 2025 and 2030.
Due to its tropical monsoon geographical location and a coastline of more than 3,000 km on the Pacific coast, Vietnam is considered one of the countries most seriously affected by climate change, especially from the issue of sea level rise.
According to some studies, if the sea level rises by 1 meter, 40% of the Mekong Delta area and 10% of the Red River Delta area will be flooded, directly affecting the lives of 20-30 million people.
Recently, the Party and State of Vietnam proposed many comprehensive and drastic guidelines and policies to effectively respond to climate change, including participating in the common efforts of the international community.
This is shown through the strong commitment of the Vietnamese Government at the COP26 in November 2021, when Prime Minister Pham Minh Chinh pledged that Vietnam would bring net emissions to "zero" by 2050.
Immediately after the COP26 Conference, Vietnam urgently researched and developed a program and plan to implement commitments.
The Government established a National Steering Committee to implement Vietnam's commitments at COP26 with the Prime Minister as Head of the Committee, approved the project on tasks and solutions to implement the results of the COP26.
Projects with specific goals of reducing greenhouse gas emissions in the fields of energy, transportation, construction materials production, agriculture, and waste treatment are promoted.
Vietnam set out the national strategy on green growth for the period 2021-2030, vision 2050 with the goals of taking Vietnam ahead, moving forward, towards the aspiration of economic prosperity, environmental sustainability and social justice.
In 2022, Vietnam's most important milestone in the journey to combat climate change and fulfill its commitment to reduce greenhouse gas emissions is the negotiation and adoption of the political declaration establishing a Just Energy Transition Partnership (JETP), together with the International Partnership Group (IPG) including US, European Union (EU), Japan, UK, Canada, France, Germany, Italy, Denmark and Norway.
Through JETP, international partners will help Vietnam achieve its goal of achieving net zero emissions by 2050.
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