Temple of Literature (Van Mieu-Quoc Tu Giam) was built in 1070 under Emperor Ly Thanh Tong and is regarded as one of Hanoi's most iconic tourist attractions. Let’s take a look at its rare photos in the French colonial period.
Khue Van Cac (Pavillion of Constellation of Literature) in the early 20th century. Photo: Léon Busy/ via Kien Thuc
Khue Van Cac (Pavillion of Constellation of Literature) was chosen as Hanoi’s symbol in 2012. It was erected in 1805 under the reign of the Nguyen dynasty as a place for classic poetry review. “Cac” means pavilion; “Khue” means the constellation in charge of Literature and “Van” means the beauty or Literature.
Ho Van (Literature Lake) in front of Temple of Literature, 1928. Photo: Kien Thuc
Dai Trung Mon (The Great Middle gate). Photo: Kien Thuc
The overview of Well of Heavenly Clarity (Thien Quang Tinh), located in the center of the Temple of Literature, in 1896, Kien Thuc reported. Photo: Firmin André Salles/ via Kien Thuc
Well of Heavenly Clarity and Pavillion of Constellation of Literature in 1951. Photo: Kien Thuc
Pavillion of Constellation of Literature was printed in a postcard in colonial time. Photo: Kien Thuc
Doctoral steles at Van Mieu - Quoc Tu Giam. In 2010, 82 doctoral steles were recognized as Vietnamese national treasures. The steles, which were inscribed with the names of the doctors from the Le dynasty in the 15th century to the Mac dynasty in the 18th century, documented the training and use of talent in Vietnam in the past. Photo: Kien Thuc
The entrance to Dai Thanh Mon (Attained Talent gate), the main shrine area of Van Mieu, in 1950.
Photo: Kien Thuc
An altar in the Temple of Literature, 1896. Photo: Firmin André Salles/ via Kien Thuc