Vietnam Supports African And Middle Eastern Countries in Pursuit of Independence
|Conference "Independence - Freedom - Happiness: Research and sharing between Vietnam and African-Middle Eastern countries."|
The conference "Independence-Freedom-Happiness: Research and sharing between Vietnam and African-Middle Eastern countries" was organized by the Institute for Africa and Middle East Studies (IAMES) (Vietnam Academy of Social Sciences) on November 10 in Hanoi.
Developing internal resources
At the conference, delegates and guests discussed and shared the role and meaning of independence for the country's development, our Party's views on independence in the current period, and independence-autonomy in international relations.
They mentioned the independence and autonomy that Vietnam proposed in international relations, on the path that President Ho Chi Minh and our Party pursued independence-freedom-happiness for the Vietnamese people.
According to Le Phuoc Minh, director general of the Institute for Africa and Middle East Studies, the transformation of Africa and the Middle East is increasingly attracting the world's attention.
They are important partners in the strategies of countries around the world and are areas of influence for major countries. However, many countries in the region have not yet achieved true independence-freedom-happiness.
Recent geopolitical realities around the world, especially in the Africa-Middle East region, demonstrate that building peace, independence, self-reliance on the path of development, towards integration, and becoming part of the common world is the desire of all countries in the region.
This is a journey with many difficulties and challenges for Africa and Middle East to achieve that goal. Africa and the Middle East have been promoting their internal strength and gradually spreading their attraction.
Therefore, the voices of small countries and big countries will be heard equally, to have a peaceful, autonomous and prosperous Africa-Middle East.
|Delegates discussed at the conference.|
Recalling the support and assistance that African and Middle Eastern countries have given to Vietnam in the struggle against foreign invaders and for national independence, former Ambassador to Middle Eastern countries Nguyen Quang Khai said Africa-Middle East is an important region, having a special relationship with Vietnam.
Vietnam is currently becoming a country with the fastest-growing and most sustainable growth model in the world. Vietnam's economic and political model is something many African and Middle Eastern countries want to share and learn from.
Africa-Middle East's transformation
At the conference, delegates also discussed the transformation of Africa, especially the importance of Africa's voice at global forums.
Africa currently has 49 seats in the United Nations, accounting for more than a quarter of the total number of UN member countries. It is difficult to pass a UN resolution without the approval of the African Union (AU).
Meanwhile, despite ongoing conflict, Middle Eastern countries promote reform through modernization efforts such as institutional reform, social liberalization, and economic diversification.
This can be clearly seen in the focus of governments and the emerging generation of entrepreneurs in the Middle East on developing the fields of science and innovation, providing great support for young people to learn technological skills. new.
These are the most popular career paths for Middle Eastern youth. New seeds are being planted in the Middle East with venture capital funding in the region surpassing US$2 billion in 2021, tripling since 2017.
Additionally, the Middle East has an unprecedented investment in women's education.
UNESCO research shows that 34-57% of science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) graduates in Arab countries are women, much higher than in European or American universities.
The rate of women in leadership in the Middle East shows that the role of women is increasing, and they are gradually changing the political landscape of the region.
Female representation in regional parliaments has increased from 4.3% in 1995 to 17.8% in 2021. Statistics show that 34% of tech startups in the Middle East have female founders.
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