COP28: Vietnam Joins The Global Cooling Pledge
Sustainable cooling is a key tool for both climate mitigation (reducing emissions from energy use and refrigerant greenhouse gases) and climate adaptation (increasing access to cooling in a warming world).
Recognizing that action on sustainable cooling can avoid 78 billion tonnes of CO2e by 2050, Vietnam is one of the first 63 countries to join the Global Cooling Pledge proposed by the President of the UN Climate Change Conference of the Parties (COP28) Sultan Al Jaber within the framework of COP28 recently held in Dubai, the United Arab Emirates (UAE), VNA reported.
|Global Cooling Pledge was launched at CoP28 with 63 countries committing to cut emissions from refrigeration and air-conditioning. Source: cwcs.co.uk
Under the pledge, the global cooling sector must reduce greenhouse gas emissions by at least 68% by 2050 compared to 2022, helping to maintain the global average temperature increase at the threshold of 1.5 degrees Celsius in line with achieving net-zero global emissions by 2050.
“This Global Cooling Pledge can have a profound impact on the lives of people around the world and on our larger quest of holding the Earth’s temperature increase to 1.5 degrees,” said US Climate Envoy John Kerry at the launch event of the Global Cooling Pledge on Energy Day.
As one of the countries hardest hit by climate change, coupled with a significant increase in the use of cooling devices in recent years, Vietnam has been aware of the importance of taking adaptive actions to address climate change and protect the environment.
According to the Department of Climate Change under the Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment, sustainable cooling requirements have been integrated into the tasks and solutions outlined in the National Strategy on Climate Change until 2050 and the updated Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs) for 2022.
The department worked with partners and signed a Memoranda of Understanding in cooperation with the UN Environment Programme (UNEP) and the Global Green Growth Institute (GGGI) to enhance the country’s capacity to implement the NDCs.
It built policies and programmes to step up the progress of the NDCs in two priority areas climate change response and sustainable cooling in Vietnam’s urban areas.
|The water level of Tri An Lake falls due to El Nino. Photo: VNA
To promote climate-friendly cooling solutions against extreme heat in Vietnamese cities, the department in collaboration with the UNEP and the GGGI launched a program on sustainable urban cooling in Vietnam's urban areas, with support from the Clean Cooling Collaborative. It is being piloted in the Mekong Delta city of Can Tho, Tam Ky city in the central province of Quang Nam, and Dong Hoi city in the central province of Quang Binh.
Additionally, the department and the UNEP have been working on a program named "NDC Action Project – Facilitating the Implementation of Climate-Resilient and Low-Carbon Development aligned with National and Global Goals".
During the 2020-2025 period, Vietnam aims to achieve a 35% reduction in the baseline consumption of hydrochlorofluorocarbons (HCFCs), phasing it out until the complete end of HCFC import by 2040.
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