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|June 2019 was the hottest in 140 years, setting a global record|
|A shepherd and their livestock walk across a dried out reservoir on the outskirts of Chennai in June 2019. (Photo: AFP/ARUN SANKAR)|
India, home to 1.3 billion people, is at the forefront of climate change suffering devastating floods, dire water shortages and baking temperatures. The southern city of Chennai last year declared "day zero" as taps ran dry.
Temperatures between 2010 and 2019 were 0.36 degrees Celsius above the long-term average, the hottest decade since records began in 1901, AFP cited the Indian Meteorological Department on Monday (Jan 6).
Last year, the seventh-hottest, more than 1,500 lives died, included 850 people killed by heavy rain and flooding and another 350 in summer temperatures of up to 51 degrees Celsius, the IMD said. Lighting and storms claimed another 380 lives.
India's five warmest years on record all fell in the last decade, with 2016 the hottest. Eleven of the 15 warmest years were also during the past 15 years, the IMD said. The average for 2019 would have been higher were it not for record cold in northern India in December.
Last year also saw eight cyclones form over the north Indian Ocean, below the record of 10 last reached in 1976, including five over the Arabian Sea, equalling the previous high of 1902, the IMD said.
"The impact of global warming on India is unmistakable," IMD chief Mrityunjay Mohapatra told the Times of India. "The past year had extreme weather during all seasons."
The United Nations said in December that the past decade was set to be the planet's hottest since records began. Each of the last four decades has been hotter than the preceding one./.