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Vietnam People's Public Security: Role, function, mission and structure

21:12 | 18/03/2020

The Vietnam People’s Public Security Forces plays a key role in protecting national security and ensuring social order and safety. Hereinafter presenting the information about the role, functions, missions and structure of the Vietnam People’s Public Security Forces. 

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Vietnam People's Public Security Forces

Role of the People’s Public Security Forces

The People’s Public Security Forces plays a core role in protecting national security and ensuring social order and safety. In addition, the Forces is responsible in fighting crime and law violation related to national security and social order and safety.

Functions of the People’s Public Security Forces

The People’s Public Security Forces are responsible for advising the Party and State on national security, social order, control of crime and law violation; state management of national security, social order and safety, control of crime and law violation; fighting plots and activities of hostile forces, crimes and violations against national security, social order and safety.

Missions of the People’s Public Security Forces

The People’s Public Security Forces is entitled to the mission of collecting information, analyzing and evaluating the situation and predicting its developments, and recommending the Party and the State to issue appropriate policies, laws and strategies on the protection of national security and maintenance of social order and safety, fighting against crime and law violation as well as directing the implementation of these documents.

Besides, the People’s Public Security Forces shall actively prevent, detect and defeat any plots and acts of violation against national security and eliminate any threats to national security; protect the Fatherland’s independence, sovereignty, unity and territorial integrity; protect the Party, State, people and socialist regime; protect political security.

Moreover, the Forces shall protect high-ranking officials of the Party and State, visiting international delegates; protect important events, protect critical infrastructures related to national security, international representative agencies and organizations in Vietnam.

Apart from that, the Forces shall manage activities of national security protection and State secrets protection; take the lead in managing the entry, exit, transit and residence of Vietnamese citizens; perform tasks of protecting national security; and ensure social order and safety in border areas in line with the Vietnamese laws.

Additionally, the Forces is responsible for management of criminal investigation and suppression; preventing and fighting terrorism, riots, and handling complicated situations related to national security and social order and safety; actively prevent, detect, and fight against crimes and acts of violation of the laws on social order and safety, discover causes and conditions for crimes and violations of laws on public order, security and environmental protection.

The Forces hold responsibility for management of criminal judgment execution, temporary custody and detention as well as for management of prisons, detention camps, custody houses, compulsory educational centers, correctional schools; to execute criminal judgments and decisions and judicial measures. The Forces also hold responsibility for residence management, national database on population and citizen identification database, stamps, traffic safety, public order, weapons and explosives, precursors of explosives, police support tools, fire prevention, fighting and rescue.

The Forces assume the prime responsibility for managing and implementing information and education on national security protection, social order and safety, fight against crimes and law violations; to inspect and handle complaints and denunciations, to handle wrongdoings in protecting national security, ensuring public order and safety.

The Forces can use weapons, explosives, support tools and other legal means to attack and chase criminals, to stop people from committing crimes and other offences of the laws, and to exercise the right of self-defense under the laws. Finally, the Forces shall implement international commitments and obligations; to expand international cooperation in prevention and fight against crimes and law violations, as well as for the building of the People's Public Security Forces; to implement criminal and justice assistance.

Structure of the People's Public Security Forces

The People's Police Security Forces is comprised of the Ministry of Public Security; Provincial Police Departments; Police Stations of district, provincial capitals; Police Posts of communes, wards and townlets.

The Government has decided to post full-time police officers to commune-level police posts. The Minister of Public Security is authorized to establish police stations and independent units in certain areas.

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Candy Lee

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