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The organization of Vietnam Militia and Self-Defence Force

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15:28 | 17/03/2020

Vietnam Militia units are organized in communes, precincts or district towns, while the self-defence units are organized in political, socio-political bodies, State offices, civil services and economic organizations. 

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the organization of vietnam militia and self defence force

The Militia and Self-Defence Force of Hung Yen province in training hour. (Photo: VDP)

The Minister of National Defence and commanders of military headquarters at various levels command the Militia and Self-Defence Force as stipulated by the Law on National Defence. Activities of the Militia and Self-Defence Force are carried out according to the plans of commune-level military commanders, and of military command boards of offices and organizations, under the direct leadership as well as guidance of the Party's executive committees and the grassroots-level administrative authorities.

The Militia and Self-Defence Force are composed of the core force and the broad force. The core one is composed of the Militia and Self-Defence Force in infantry, air-defence, artillery, engineering, reconnaissance, signal, chemical protection, medical care, and the coastline and maritime Militia and Self-Defence Force. The mobile, on-the-spot and permanent forces of the Militia and Self-Defence Force are organized into platoons, companies or battalions, and equipped with appropriate weapons. The Militia and Self-Defence Force are provided with political education and military training in the programs regulated by the Ministry of National Defence.

Vietnam's Militia and Self-Defence Force's missions in peacetime

In peacetime, the Militia and Self-Defence Force is the core force tasked with performing both work and production and playing the vanguard role in protecting production activities, preventing and overcoming the aftermaths of natural calamities and enemy-inflicted destruction as well as other serious incidents.

At the same time, it co-ordinates with grassroots-level security forces to maintain political security, and public order and safety in localities, and participates in building grassroots-level establishments into comprehensively strong ones, making contributions to the building of increasingly firm local defence zones. In border, sea areas and islands, the Militia and Self-Defence Force co-ordinates with the Border Guard Force to firmly protect sovereignty, territorial integrity and border security of the Homeland.

the organization of vietnam militia and self defence force

The Militia and Self-Defence Force of Ha Quang district (Cao Bang province) practicing infantry tactics. (Photo: VDP)


Nowadays, the Militia and Self-Defence Force have developed in quality, quantity, organizational structure, and equipment. The organizational structure is more compact but the overall quality of the Militia and Self-Defence Force has been upgraded, meeting the requirements of new assignments.

In wartime, the Militia and Self-Defence Force becomes the strategic force in carrying out people's war, acting as the core force in the movement of fighting the enemy by the whole people, taking part in combat and combat service, coordinating with other forces to protect the locality and unit pursuant to the operational plan of the defence zone. The Militia and Self-Defence Force carries out civil defence work both in peacetime and wartime as regulated by law.

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