Parliament set to elect Vietnam's new president, PM early next month

Vietnam's new president and prime minister are expected to take their oath of office on April 2 and 5 after being elected by the National Assembly.
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Vietnam's National Assembly Chairwoman Nguyen Thi Kim Ngan (L), Prime Minister Nguyen Xuan Phuc and other government officials show up at an NA meeting in Hanoi, October 21, 2019. (Photo: VNE)

Addressing the National Assembly (NA) Standing Committee on Monday, Nguyen Hanh Phuc, its general secretary, said the election would occur during the upcoming session of the 14th National Assembly scheduled to last 12 days from March 24, as reported by VNE.

The 14th legislature inherited experience from previous tenures to perform well in its five-year tenure amid great changes in the world and the region, while the country’s position and strength have been greatly enhanced after 35 years of Doi Moi (renewal), he was quoted by VNS.

According to schedule, the NA, Vietnam's parliament, would cast its secret ballot to dismiss incumbent National Assembly Chairwoman Nguyen Thi Kim Ngan on March 30. A day later, the new legislature leader would be sworn in following the election.

On April 1, the NA would cast a secret ballot to allow incumbent State President Nguyen Phu Trong to step down. The committee would then submit the list of nominees for election to the NA.

On April 2, the new head of state will take the oath of office.

The same day, the NA would hold a secret ballot to allow incumbent Prime Minister Nguyen Xuan Phuc to vacate his position. The newly-elected president would then submit the list of nominees for prime minister to the parliamentary body.

The new PM is expected to be sworn in on April 5.

The president is the country's top representative in both internal and external affairs and commander-in-chief of the military. Vietnam is led by four "pillars" comprising its Party chief, president, prime minister and NA chair.

The 13th Communist Party Central Committee last January reelected Trong, 77, for a third term as Vietnam's Party General Secretary.

At the upcoming session, parliament members would dismiss and elect some other key appointments in the state apparatus, including vice president, chief justice of the Supreme People's Court, head of the Supreme People's Procuracy, some vice chairmen of the National Assembly, members of the NA Standing Committee, secretary general of the National Assembly and deputy prime ministers and other members of the government.

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NA General Secretary Nguyen Hanh Phuc presents a draft report on the performance of the 14th NA at the 54th session of the 14th NA Standing Committee on Monday. (Photo: VNA)

Performance of the 14th NA

Despite facing a lot of challenges, the 14th NA has always upheld its sense of responsibility and made utmost efforts to fulfil the tasks entrusted in it by the Party, voters and people, Phuc said.

Under the leadership of the Party, the supervision of the voters and with its role as the highest representative organ of the people, the 14th NA has shown creativity, innovative in operation as well as flexibility and prudence, he said.

The decisions of the National Assembly come from the will and aspirations of the people, from the interests of the nation and the requirements of the country, creating positive changes in socio-economic life, national defence, security and external affairs. It contributes to promoting the renovation, construction and defence of the country.

The 14th NA has improved the quality of legislative work, forming a comprehensive legal basis for the country's development.

In the past 10 sessions during the tenure, the NA has passed 72 laws, two ordinances, and many resolutions containing legal norms.

Many resolutions bore breakthrough significance, creating the needed legal corridor for reforming the organisation of apparatus, stimulating socio-economic development and addressing shortcomings and obstacles.

Important trade agreements, international conventions and treaties have been ratified, contributing to finalising the legal framework, meeting the needs of integration, Phuc said.

During the 14th tenure, the legislature’s supervision work received due attention, producing high effectiveness that was appreciated by voters and the public.

Through supervision work, the NA has affirmed the correctness of policies and laws, continuing to promote good deeds, detecting shortcomings and proposing supplements to improve policies and laws as a basis for deciding important issues. It helped ensure discipline and helped agencies better perform their tasks as well as improve the efficiency of State management.

“Foreign activities of the National Assembly were implemented effectively, making an important contribution to the success of the external affairs of the Party and State, contributing to maintaining a peaceful and stable environment for national construction, defence and development of the country, raising the position of Viet Nam in the international arena,” he said.

The draft report also noted the 14th NA had a suitable model of organisation and continuously reformed its operational methods while ensuring the Party’s leadership and close bonds with voters as well as effective co-ordination with other agencies, which are factors helping it leave behind deep imprints.

Committee members agreed that the 14th tenure was a success, with missions assigned by the Party, voters and people excellently completed.

Also at the meeting, a draft report on the NA Standing Committee’s work in the 14th tenure and preparations for the NA’s 11th session were tabled for discussion.

The 11th session is slated to open on March 24 and end on April 8, Phuc said. Personnel matters will remain high on the agenda at the session.

Speaking at the opening of the 54th session of the NASC, NA Chairwoman Nguyen Thi Kim Ngan said the one-day meeting was to finalise preparations for the upcoming 11th meeting of the 14th legislature and collect opinions on the draft reports on working performance of the 14th NA and the NA Standing Committee and personnel work.

The outcomes of monitoring the settlement of voters’ suggestions sent to the NA’s 10th meeting and public opinions sent to the NA’s 11th meeting would also be mulled over.

She asked lawmakers to consider personnel work in a thorough and cautious manner, ensuring a high consensus will be reached at the 11th meeting regarding positions in the State apparatus.

The draft reports on the working performance of the 14th NA and the NA Standing Committee had earlier been sent to NA’s committees, the NA’s Ethnic Council and delegations of NA deputies for feedback.

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