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Unique cultural features of Ha Nhi ethnic minority people

05:16 | 19/05/2020

Y Ty, the paradise of clouds, terraced rice fields, and peaceful village, is a hidden gem of Northwest Vietnam. It also preserves the unique culture of Black Ha Nhi ethnic minority people which is worth experiencing.

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Typical houses of Ha Nhi ethnic people 

When arriving to Y Ty, you will be brought to a lot of new feeling and impressions, the first thing you will certainly be surprised and excited is the houses with walls and thatched roofs covered with moss of the Ha Nhi people. The walls are made of thick earth, the sloping short roofs are covered with grass but it is very firm, giving a feeling of warmth in winter and cool in summer. View from the above, these houses resemble giant mushrooms on the side of the mountain, hidden in the mist, Sapa tourism reported.

unique cultural features of ha nhi ethnic minority people
The typical house of Ha Nhi people has its roof covered in moss (Photo: VNE)

Ha Nhi women's traditional dress

In addition to the unique architecture of the houses, in the friendly, hospitality atmosphere, you will be attracted by the charm and meticulousness on the traditional costumes of Ha Nhi women.

The most distinctive feature of women's clothing perhaps the wig and the head scarf, the wig is made of wool to form a large bundle that keeps the head warm in inclement weather all year round. In the view of the black Ha Nhi people, hair, clothing are very important. it shows the beauty of the woman, taking care of the wig also shows the woman's clever hand in the work, as well as their good health, luck.

unique cultural features of ha nhi ethnic minority people
(Photo: Sapa tourism)

Ha Nhi ethnic minority's major festivals

Following the journey of discovery with Lao Cai Tourism, you will have the opportunity to enjoy yourself in the special festivals bearing cultural and religious significance of the black Ha Nhi people in Y Ty. Including the worship of forest god Ma Ga, the worship of water god, Kho Gia Gia festival, etc.

The forest worship of “Ga Ma Do” was recognized by the Ministry of Culture, Sports and Tourism as the Intangible Cultural Heritage in 2016, it is celebrated on the Dragon day of annual lunar January. This is a very important ritual, to pray for peace, a new year of conveniently rain, wind, bumper harvests.

Along with forest worship, Kho Gia Gia festival is one of the great festivals in the year of Ha Nhi people, which is celebrated from the Dragon day to the Monkey day of the first week or the second week of June (lunar calendar) to pray for a bumper harvest, showing solidarity, mutual support.

unique cultural features of ha nhi ethnic minority people
Two Ha Nhi men doing the worshipping rituals on the Water God worshipping day (Photo: Star.VN)
Stepping out of these special festivals to discover the natural scenery there, you will definitely be overwhelmed with the beautiful, special magnificent terraced fields. Terraced fields are the typical type of cultivation of the ethnic groups in Bat Xat highland area, in which the black Ha Nhi people with their experience and creativity has created spectacular, winding terraced fields.

Y Ty market, a must-try experience

Moreover, a culture trip to Y Ty would be incomplete without a trip to Y Ty market every Saturday.

According to Lao Cai tourism, most of highland districts in Lao Cai province have markets. Each market has own unique characteristics. If talk about the size, the Y Ty market is not colorful as the most beautiful market of Vietnam in Bac Ha. But the unique of Y Ty market is located in the middle of the fanciful clouds, attracting many tourists to come to hunt the cloudy, visit the market, shopping and discover the unique cultural. Especially coming to Y Ty market, you will have the opportunity to meet and learn about the unique culture of the black Ha Nhi people. This is one of the smallest ethnic groups in Vietnam.

unique cultural features of ha nhi ethnic minority people
A woman going shopping at Y Ty market (Photo: Nha co hai nguoi)

There is a market per week only so the local people is awaiting, eager for it. From the early morning, the market was bustling when the fog still thick on the mountains. The market is not only the place to buy and sell but also a place to meet and exchange feelings of intimate business place but also meeting, exchanged place of the intimate friends, the dating places of the men and women from the villages to create a vivid cultural picture for the mountainous areas.

unique cultural features of ha nhi ethnic minority people
(Photo: Nha co hai nguoi)

The people brought to the market to sell the self-farming agricultural products such as the apples, the chickens, plowshares, knives, Hoang Sin Co ginseng … etc. Especially, they sell the trays, the chairs, the handmade baskets by bamboo and rattan of the Ha Nhi people. To clever hands and aesthetic, the Ha Nhi people have changed the rudimentary things into sophisticated and useful products. The visitors come to the Y Ty area were fascinated with these rattan trays, baskets and bought it.

unique cultural features of ha nhi ethnic minority people
(Photo: Nha co hai nguoi)

Not only the agricultural product the Y Ty fair market also attractive by the colorful ethnic costumes, the stunning brocade patterns of the Dao, Ha Nhi, Mong girls. The necklaces, the bangles, the shiny silver emit the tinkle with the funny laugh that makes you fascinated not want to leave.

unique cultural features of ha nhi ethnic minority people
(Photo: Nha co hai nguoi)

Many people said to come to Y Ty let go to the market. Why ?, because the market is the miniature society, you can learn the life and many unique cultures of the people here, freely exchanges with the local people, enjoy the specialty of this land. So, why don't we go to the market once? Surely there will be more interesting things to discover, not just like this article.

unique cultural features of ha nhi ethnic minority people
(Photo: Nha co hai nguoi)

At the end of the day when your legs are tired, come back to the house to enjoy the flavor of Ha Nhi beer and typical dishes of highland area and to rest here to feel relaxed, peace to strange. And wake up tomorrow to continue the journey of hunting clouds, explore Y Ty, etc. See you one day when you will return to Y Ty where is rich in tourism resources and hospitality to keep going your journey of discovery, as described by Sapa Tourism.

If you need more information, please contact us: Lao Cai Tourist Information & Promotion Center, No. 02, Fansipan, Sa Pa, Lao Cai. Phone 02143 871 975 (office hours) for a free consultation. Or contact through the official fanpage of the Center https://www.facebook.com/visit.laocai/.

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