Seven Outstanding Results of the Politburo’s Resolution 36-NQ/TW on Overseas Vietnamese Affairs

On June 3 in Hanoi, the Ministry of Foreign Affairs’ State Committee for Overseas Vietnamese (SCOV) held a press conference announcing the results of the 20-year implementation of the Politburo’s Resolution 36-NQ/TW on overseas Vietnamese affairs.
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The information session was held in a hybrid format with domestic news agencies and Vietnamese associations as well as those in foreign countries and territories (including Thailand, Laos, Japan, Korea, Russia, Czech, Germany, Poland, USA, Australia, Angola...).

After 20 years of implementing of the Politburo’s Resolution 36-NQ/TW (Resolution 36) on overseas Vietnamese affairs, Deputy Minister Le Thi Thu Hang said that the implementation has achieved the following outstanding results:

Firstly, it has helped raise awareness and a sense of responsibility in implementing overseas Vietnamese affairs from both directions. In the homeland, overseas Vietnamese affairs have truly become the task of the entire political system, from central to local levels. Departments, ministries, branches and localities have been aware of the position and importance of overseas Vietnamese affairs. They have established overseas Vietnamese affairs departments, and issued plans and action programs on this work.

Seven outstanding result article
The information session was held in a hybrid format (Photo: TD).

On the other hand, it was received, supported, and responded to by a large number of overseas Vietnamese. Overseas Vietnamese are not only beneficiaries of the guidelines, policies, and active subjects of implementation of Resolution 36. Overseas Vietnamese affairs associations truly play a core role in gathering and supporting people to stabilize their lives in the host places and organize many practical activities to maintain the Vietnamese language, and national cultural identity, and look towards the homeland.

Second, the work of advising, recommending, and developing policies related to overseas Vietnamese affairs is focused and comprehensively implemented, both in terms of leadership and direction of the Party and State law. In terms of leadership and direction, the Ministry of Foreign Affairs coordinated with departments, ministries, branches, and localities to conduct a preliminary review of 3 years, 6 years, and a 10-year summary of Resolution 36. On that basis, it was proposed that the Ministry Politburo issued the Politburo's Directive No. 45-CT/TW dated May 19, 2015, on continuing to promote the implementation of Resolution 36 of the IX Politburo on overseas Vietnamese affairs in the new situation and Conclusion No. 12-KL/TW on overseas Vietnamese affairs.

In terms of law, the National Assembly and the Government have issued a system of relatively complete and comprehensive legal documents in most fields related to overseas Vietnamese affairs such as nationality, civil affairs, housing, land, residence, investment, and business so that the rights of overseas Vietnamese communities become closer and closer to those of the domestic citizens, making it more convenient to return home to work, invest, and do business. At the same time, the connection between overseas Vietnamese and their homeland can be strengthened. Along with that, the Government has issued action programs and major projects in overseas Vietnamese affairs such as the Project on Promoting the resources of the overseas Vietnamese community to contribute to building the country in the new situation.

Third, the work of great solidarity and mobilization of Vietnamese people towards their homeland has achieved important results. Overseas Vietnamese are given the opportunity to contribute opinions on important issues of the country such as contributing to Party Congress documents, draft laws, and major policies. The State Committee for Foreign Affairs organizes annual activities such as Homeland Spring, Overseas Vietnamese delegation attending Hung King's Commemoration, visiting soldiers and people of Truong Sa island district and DK1 Platform, and Summer camp for overseas youth and students. Activities are regularly innovated in content and form, attracting the participation of a large number of overseas Vietnamese. Relevant agencies have mobilized and created conditions for a number of influential overseas Vietnamese in a number of countries (United States, Australia...) to return home to narrow differences and create positive changes in a country.

Fourth, the implementation of supporting the overseas Vietnamese community to strengthen their legal status at the host society is increasingly focused. In discussions with leaders of other countries, leaders of the Party, State, and Ministry of Foreign Affairs always ask the local government to take specific support measures to create favorable conditions for the Vietnamese community to stabilize their lives and integrate well into the host society.

In areas where the community still faces many difficulties, or where conflicts and natural disasters occur, the Party and State have directed the Ministry of Foreign Affairs to carry out coordination work with relevant agencies and overseas Vietnamese associations to take timely support measures to keep close attention and promote the work of supporting people. The implementation gradually creates positive changes, which help people improve their legal status, integrate and stabilize their lives in the local area, and promptly deploy the work on citizen protection and community support.

Fifth , the implementation promotes the overseas Vietnamese affairs' resources to contribute to the country's development. Domestic and foreign agencies have successfully coordinated to organize many seminars, conferences, and business forums, establish a network of intellectuals and businessmen of overseas Vietnamese, and establish mechanisms for overseas Vietnamese affairs to contribute to the homeland. They can provide opinions on major issues of the country; problems for overseas Vietnamese when returning home to invest, conduct business and scientific cooperation are removed. They also mobilize employees to participate in introducing products and developing distribution channels for Vietnamese goods abroad.

Over the past 20 years, overseas Vietnamese entrepreneurs returning home for business opportunities and investing have become more and more prominent. The flow of remittances to Vietnam has shifted from consumption and family support to investment and domestic business.

Sixth, the implementation focuses on preserving the Vietnamese language and promoting national cultural identity. The Ministry of Foreign Affairs, in coordination with domestic and foreign agencies, has supported textbooks and materials for teaching and learning Vietnamese, provided professional training for overseas Vietnamese teachers, and lobbied local authorities to introduce Vietnamese language courses into the curriculum of high schools and universities, sending domestic art troupes to perform for overseas Vietnamese communities.

In particular, the annual date to mark the "Day to Honor the Vietnamese language" abroad (on September 8), which is organized by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs together with representative agencies. The project organizes activities to find messengers and ambassadors of the Vietnamese language, organizes Vietnamese classes for Vietnamese children overseas, encourages people with teaching experience to hold Vietnamese classes, and spreads the love for Vietnamese and for homeland and country to the young generation of overseas Vietnamese.

Seventh, overseas Vietnamese affairs have been innovated in thinking, content, and form. Most major news agencies and newspapers have programs, pages, and columns for overseas Vietnamese affairs with increasingly rich content.

Seven outstanding result article
Deputy Minister Le Thi Thu Hang at the press conference on June 3 (Photo: TD).

According to Deputy Minister Le Thi Thu Hang, Resolution 36 has created a major turning point in overseas Vietnamese affairs, which built on the foundation of the comprehensive policies of our Party and State. The overseas Vietnamese community is an integral part, an important resource of the Vietnamese ethnic community and the spirit of great national solidarity.

"I believe after 20 years of implementation, up to now, the Politburo's Resolution 36-NQ/TW still retains its meaning and value, expressing the Party's vision on overseas Vietnamese affairs as a guideline for activities of the Party, State, ministries, branches, localities and society in implementing work for overseas Vietnamese affairs", exclaimed the Deputy Minister.

Overseas Vietnamese have invested in 421 projects in 42 provinces and cities across Vietnam

According to the report summarizing the 20-year implementation of the Politburo's Resolution 36-NQ/TW on overseas Vietnamese affairs, remittances in 2023 reached US $16 billion, an increase of 32% compared to 2022, despite many difficulties of the global economy post-Covid-19. The total amount of remittances from 1993 to 2023 reached about US $230 billion, equivalent to disbursed foreign direct investment (FDI) capital over the same period.

In particular, since 2020, remittances to Vietnam have surpassed the flow of disbursed FDI capital and Official Development Assistance (ODA) foreign aid capital, contributing to improving the balance of payments, stabilizing the macro economy, helping the poverty reduction and improvement of life quality for many households.

Regarding FDI projects, by November 2023, overseas Vietnamese from 32 countries and territories have invested in 421 projects in 42/63 provinces and cities in Vietnam with a total registered capital of US $1.72 billion. There are also thousands of small and medium-sized enterprises of overseas Vietnamese affairs based in Vietnam in all areas of social life.

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