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Officers remind a cyclist near Hoan Kiem Lake in Hanoi about social distancing (Photo: VNA)
Specifically, violating behaviors relate to the non-compliance with prevention and control measures, reactions against officers in charge of epidemic prevention and control, spread of untruthful information causing public concern and social instability, recycling of used medical masks, production of fake goods, goods hoarding to hike prices, and trade frauds, among others.
The Ministry of Public Security was assigned to direct units concerned to promptly conduct investigations and consider criminal liability for violation cases.
Ministries, agencies and people’s committees of centrally-run cities and provinces must report the implementation outcomes to the Health Ministry before April 15. The Health Ministry later must report to the Prime Minister before April 17.
As the authorities crack down on the COVID-19 pandemic, Hanoi’s Justice Department also has released a document detailing a list of 13 instances where offenders could end up in trouble.
Those who fail to wear masks in public spaces face a maximum fine of 300,000 VND (12,74 USD).
Those who are found to have littered used masks could face a maximum fine of 5 million VND (212 USD), or 7 million VND (297.5 USD) if masks were thrown out onto the street or sidewalks.
People who deliberately hide their health status or others’ will be subject to a fine of 2 million VND (85 USD).
Eateries or food stalls who fail to follow the order to close down (or move to shipping-only business mode) in virus-hit area will be subject to a maximum fine of 20 million VND (850 USD).
Individuals or businesses that fail to follow business restrictions order applicable in public spaces could face fines up to 10 million VND and 20 million VND, respectively.
Those who do not observe the authorities’ instructions on medical observation and safety protocols before entering or exiting virus-hit region could face a maximum fine of 20 million VND.
People who escape from quarantine sites, violate quarantine protocols, reject or evade compulsory quarantine could lead to an administrative fine of 10 million VND. If their action causes infection in other people, they would be criminally tried in accordance with the Article 240 of Vietnam’s Penal Code on “spreading dangerous infectious diseases.”
People who escape from quarantine sites, violate quarantine protocols, reject or evade compulsory quarantine – resulting in 100 million VND in additional costs for the authorities to contain COVID-19 – will be criminally tried in line with the Article 295 of the Penal Code on violations of regulations regarding occupational safety and hygiene in crowded areas, depending on the consequences.
People who fail to report fully and accurately their health status, resulting in the spread of COVID-19, would face criminal liability in line with the Penal Code’s Article 240.
Posting fake news regarding the COVID-19 pandemic would face administrative fines up to 15 million VND or criminal liability in line with the Penal Code’s Article 288 on “Illegal provision or use of information on computer networks or telecommunications networks.”
Resorting to violence, threatening to use violence, or hindering law enforcement in their efforts to contain COVID-19 would be criminally tried under the Penal Code’s Article 330 on “resisting law enforcement in the discharge of their duties.”
Owners of service businesses like bars, discos, karaoke bars, massage parlours or beauty salons, etc., – whose defiance of temporary closure orders lead to 100 million VND in damage and costs for the authorities – would constitute a crime under the Penal Code’s Article 295.
People who exploit the scarcity or create artificial scarcity during the pandemic situation to buy in large quantities and stockpile goods that are in the Government’s price control list (to avoid price gouging) in an attempt to resell and make “illicit gains” would be considered hoarding under the Penal Code’s Article 196, which provides for administrative fines and imprisonment sentences depending on the value of the goods.
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