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Asia Most Affected By Climate Change

11:19 | 17/08/2020

This is the result of a recent study conducted by the McKinsey Global Institute.

vietnams extreme weather killing floods as heavy rains pound mountainous province Vietnam's extreme weather: killing floods as heavy rains pound mountainous province
northern vietnam forecasted to brace for torrential rains flash floods and landslides Northern Vietnam forecasted to brace for torrential rains, flash floods and landslides
serious flood and its negative impacts on chinas economy Serious Flood And Its Negative Impacts On China’s Economy
asia most affected by climate change
Asia is facing more severe impacts from climate change than any parts of the world.

According to researchers from McKinsey & Co., fatal heat waves, droughts, floods and storms will become more common in Asia-Pacific, the region that is facing more severe impacts from climate change than any parts of the world.

Asia is at particular risk because of its high number of poor people, who tend to be more dependent on outdoor work, living in the most vulnerable areas with high temperature and humidity, the McKinsey Global Institute said. By 2050, the potential risks that these groups would be facing could cost the region up to $ 4,700 billion per year in GDP.

The report also highlights the economic risks of delaying climate change mitigation or adaptation investments. According to McKinsey, the likelihood of large-scale damage caused by climate change will be no less than the current COVID-19 pandemic.

asia most affected by climate change
River of mud after heavy rain in India.

The forecasts are based on a scenario in which the world fails to cut greenhouse gas emissions and the temperature in Asia increases by 2 Celsius degrees. Forecasts indicate that, by the year 2050, 500-700 million people living in countries such as India, Bangladesh and Pakistan could experience excess heat waves.

According to research results, the loss of outdoor workers during this time can reduce 7% - 13% in GDP of the three countries above, resulting in an average loss of USD 2,800 - 4,700 billion across Asia each year.

McKinsey forecasts that the number of heavy rainfall will increase by 3-4 times by 2050 in some areas in Japan, China, South Korea and Indonesia. Increased flooding could cause USD 1,200 billion in damage in Asia, accounting for about 75 per cent of total global damage.

asia most affected by climate change
Wildfires in Australia.

In contrast, as the Earth heats up, regions in the southwest of Australia could experience droughts for more than 80% of their time by 2050. China's regions could experience droughts for 40% - 60 % the time of the year. Climate change will also increase the likelihood of violent storms from the Philippines and Vietnam to Northeast Asia, increasing surface water availability in the northern regions of India and China, while causing water depletion in reservoirs in Australia.

The institute said emerging countries in Asia including Cambodia, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, the Philippines, Thailand and Vietnam are expected to see increases in temperature and humidity. By 2050, these economies could suffer 8-13% of their gross domestic product (GDP) from these effects. In Vietnam, Ho Chi Minh City is likely to lose between USD 500 million - 1 billion in a major flood that directly impacts infrastructure by 2050.

chinas three gorges reservoir braces for new round of floods China’s Three Gorges reservoir braces for new round of floods

The Three Gorges reservoir in Central China's Hubei province is expected to see a new round of floods around August 14.

rain triggered floods affect nearly 55 million people in china Rain-triggered floods affect nearly 55 million people in China

China has witness the worst flooding in decades both above and below the Three Gorges Dam along the Yangtze River.

mekong river facing severe drought amidst serious flooding in china Mekong river facing severe drought amidst serious flooding in China

Mekong water remains at a significantly low level, while Vietnam, Cambodia and Thailand call for a reconsideration of the Sanakham hydroelectric dam project in Laos.

Amy Nguyen