February this year was the second warmest in the Capital since 1901, according to data from the India Meteorological Department (IMD), a temperature spike that came due to clear skies, and fewer western disturbances than usual. However, weather experts clarified that this was not an indication that summer this year will be hotter than usual.
IMD recordings show that the mean maximum temperature (MMT) in February this year was 27.9°C. The highest mean maximum temperature in February was recorded in 1960 and 2006, when the this level in both years shot up to 29.7°C. The average MMT for the month of February is 22.1 degrees Celsius.
Kuldeep Srivastava, head of IMD’s regional weather forecasting centre, said the high temperatures recorded this month were primarily due to clear skies, caused by fewer western disturbances, Hindustan Times reported.
|A boatman rows his boat in Dal Lake during fresh snowfall in Srinagar on January 3. (Bilal Bahadur/TOI, BCCL, Delhi)|
He also said the higher-than-usual February temperature does not mean that Delhi’s summer will be warmer than usual, and that the mercury levels were caused by an isolated weather phenomenon that will not affect temperatures over the rest of the year.
“As against the average of six western disturbances that February usually gets, the city got only one active western disturbance, on February 4. With such a prolonged period without a western disturbance, the sky remained clear, which led to an uninterrupted passage of sunlight. This caused the day time temperature to be higher,” Srivastava said.
On February 25, the city also recorded the highest maximum temperature for the month since 2006, when the mercury rose to 33.2°C. 34.1°C
On Sunday too, the temperatures remained higher than normal. At the Safdarjung weather station, which is the official marker for the city, the maximum temperature was 32.3°C, seven higher than the season’s normal. The minimum touched 15.6°C, three above normal.
IMD forecast said that temperatures are expected to fall slightly till March 2, after which the rising trends will return. From March 3 to March 6, the maximum temperatures are expected to hover between 30°C-32°C.
Meanwhile, as the temperatures continue to inch up, air quality in the Capital has been improving. Central Pollution Control Board (CPCB) recordings show that the overall air quality of Delhi on Sunday was 208, in the ‘poor’ zone. On Saturday, the average AQI was 203, also categorised as ‘poor’ in the AQI scale.
|Photo: Weather Online|
Union ministry of earth science’s air quality monitoring centre, System of Air Quality and Weather Forecasting and Research (Safar) forecast said, “The winter fury appears to be over but now Delhi air will start getting influenced by mineral dust. High surface wind speed, higher temperature, and higher boundary layer heights are influencing AQI positively. Hence, AQI is forecasted to be in ‘moderate’ to ‘poor’ category in the next two days.
5-Day Nationwide Weather Forecast
According to Weather.com, parts of northeast India are all set to begin the month with wet weather conditions. As per the latest forecast, a cyclonic circulation is expected to persist over northeast India in this period. The system is likely to produce isolated to fairly-widespread snow or rain and thunderstorms over the parts of northeast India. Arunachal Pradesh may witness scattered to fairly widespread snow or rains with thunderstorms on Monday and Tuesday. Moreover, scattered snow or rains with thunderstorms are likely over Sikkim on Monday and Tuesday.
As per the Indian Meteorological Department (IMD), a fresh western disturbance is likely to affect the Western Himalayan Region from the night of March 2. Under the influence of this system, isolated to scattered rainfall or snowfall with isolated thunderstorms or lightning are possible over Jammu, Kashmir, Ladakh, Gilgit, Baltistan, Muzaffarabad, Himachal Pradesh and Uttarakhand from March 3-5.
Dry weather is expected over other areas in this forecast period.
The maximum temperatures are expected to be above normal over north India, while in northeast India, the temperatures are slightly less or near normal in this period. As per IMD, a fall in temperatures by 2-4°C is predicted over most parts of west, northwest, east and central India during the next 48 hours.
Furthermore, down south, the east coastal south India is likely to experience slightly cooler temperatures on Thursday and Friday. Other areas are expected to be slightly warmer or near normal in this period. Minimum temperatures are expected to be higher than normal over north India in this period.
Scattered rain or snow and thunderstorms are expected over Arunachal Pradesh and Sikkim. Isolated rain or snow with lightning is possible over Jammu & Kashmir and Ladakh. Isolated rain is possible over Assam and Meghalaya.
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