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National Independence Day: Precious documentary photos presented at museums across Vietnam

September 02, 2020 | 16:31

Valuable black-and-white photos kept at museums across the country gives a vivid look into the historical National Independence Day 75 years ago. On September 2, 1945, President Ho Chi Minh read the Declaration of Independence to establish the Democratic Republic of Vietnam.

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National Independence Day: Precious documentary photos presented at museums across Vietnam
(Photo: Vietnam National Museum of History/ Vietnam Military History Museum/ via VNE)

Soldiers assembled at Ba Dinh Square in Hanoi for the Independence Day pageant on September 2, 1945.

Ba Dinh Square is now a famous historical site on the facade of Ho Chi Minh Mausoleum.

National Independence Day: Precious documentary photos presented at museums across Vietnam
(Photo: Vietnam National Museum of History/ Ho Chi Minh Museum/ via VNE)

Representatives of the government of the Democratic Republic of Vietnam were introduced to the Vietnamese citizens on the stage. The stage was made mainly from wood and decorated with cloth.

Since 2001, flag salute ceremony has become a sacred morning ritual held in front of the Ho Chi Minh Mausoleum.

National Independence Day: Precious documentary photos presented at museums across Vietnam
(Photo: Vietnam National Museum of History/ via VNE)

At 2 pm, September 2, 1945, President Ho Chi Minh read the Declaration of Independence to establish the Democratic Republic of Vietnam, the first worker-peasant state in Southeast Asia; organized the free nationwide general selection to elect the National Assembly and approved the first democratic Constitution of Vietnam.

On the Declaration of Independence, President Ho Chi Minh had declared to the world that "We, members of the Provisional Government of the Democratic Republic of Vietnam, solemnly declare to the world that Vietnam has the right to be a free and independent country and in fact it is so already. The entire Vietnamese people are determined to mobilize all their physical and mental strength, to sacrifice their lives and property in order to safeguard their independence and liberty".

The microphone he used is now at the Vietnam National Museum of History in Hanoi.

National Independence Day: Precious documentary photos presented at museums across Vietnam
(Photo: Vietnam National Museum of History/ via VNE)

A printout of the Declaration of Independence of Vietnam that Ho Chi Minh read at the Ba Dinh Square. The printout is currently kept at the Vietnam National Museum of History.

National Independence Day: Precious documentary photos presented at museums across Vietnam
(Photo: Ho Chi Minh Museum/ via VNE)

Ho Chi Minh (hat in hand) in kaki costume, "cát" hat and a stick stepping down from the podium after finishing his speech.

National Independence Day: Precious documentary photos presented at museums across Vietnam
(Photo: Vietnam National Museum of History/ Ho Chi Minh Museum/ via VNE)

Ho Chi Minh with General Vo Nguyen Giap, commander of the Vietnam People’s Army.

National Independence Day: Precious documentary photos presented at museums across Vietnam
(Photo: Vietnam National Museum of History/ Ho Chi Minh Museum/ via VNE)

Women guerrillas returned Hanoi from the battlefield to join the ceremony.

National Independence Day: Precious documentary photos presented at museums across Vietnam
(Photo: Vietnam National Museum of History/ Ho Chi Minh Museum/ via VNE)

Saigon students stood in line on September 2, 1945 to celebrate the National Independence Day.

National Independence Day: Precious documentary photos presented at museums across Vietnam
(Photo: Vietnam National Museum of History/ Ho Chi Minh Museum/ via VNE)

Soldiers and civilians gathered in the central Quang Ngai Province listen to Ho Chi Minh's Declaration of Independence on the radio.

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